What Is The Description Of Heart Disease?

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States. The risk factors of heart disease and how to reduce a person’s risk are important information for everyone to know. People should be familiar with basic information about heart disease including what is the description of heart disease.

Though there are many different types of heart disease, most heart disease is from coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is caused by a narrowing and hardening of the arteries due to an accumulation of cholesterol plaque along the artery walls. The plaque buildup narrows the passageway for blood to travel to the heart.

A blood clot may block the blood flow and cause a heart attack. If a heart attack occurs, quick medical treatment is necessary to prevent permanent damage to the heart or death. The best prognosis is if the person receives medical treatment for the heart attack within one hour of the onset of heart attack symptoms. The most common heart attack symptoms are dizziness, shortness of breath, sweating, nausea, chest pain, pain in the arm or jaw, and a feeling of being unwell.

People can take steps to reduce the risk of heart disease. A healthy lifestyle including a healthy, low-fat diet and aerobic exercise is helpful in improving heart health. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk of a heart attack.

If the person has high levels of cholesterol or high blood pressure, the person should seek medical treatment for these conditions to avoid heart disease. Diabetes should be carefully managed since diabetes increases the risk of heart disease.

Managing stress is often stated as a way to reduce the risk of a heart attack. Though the link between stress and heart health is not well understood, elevated stress is considered a risk factor for heart disease. Stress management can include relaxation techniques, exercise, and taking time to do a relaxing activity or hobby.

Part of the risk of heart disease is genetic. People who have relatives who have died from heart disease have an increased risk of heart disease. It is important for these people to take extra precautions to reduce their risks.

If a person has heart disease or a heart attack, the person should follow their prescribed treatment for preventing heart attacks. The physician may prescribe medications to reduce the risk of heart attacks. The doctor may order lifestyle changes such as changes in diet to help the person improve their heart health.


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